Chapter Twenty-Two

THE CONTINUING ROUT OF THE ITALIAN EIGHTH ARMY

From interviews as noted in preceding chapter. German communications between Gumrak and Novocherkassk (see Documents as noted in previous chapters).

SIXTH PANZER DIVISION ADVANCE

(see previous citations.)

SITUATION INSIDE KESSEL

From interviews with Ekkehart Brunnert, Albert Pfliiger, Ernst Wohlfahrt; Karl Binder diary.

AIRLIFT BREAKDOWN

From Bekker’s The Luftwaffe War Diaries; Care11’s Hitler Moves East; and Morzik’s The German Transport Command in the Second World War.

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